Radar's ability to penetrate clouds and make 3-D measurements allowed scientists to generate the first complete high-resolution topographic map of the entire region.
All of Guatemala, Belize, El Salvador, and Honduras are visible on this image, as well as a considerable portion of southern Mexico (the Yucatan Peninsula). Named after the ancient Maya Province of Kimpech, the state of Campeche comprises much of the western half of Mexico's Yucatan Peninsula.
Shadows accentuate several features of the Pico de Orizaba stratovolcano visible in this photograph from the International Space Station.
The 300-meter-deep summit crater is clearly visible against surrounding ice and snow cover at center.
One of the most clearly visible examples is located on the southwest flank of the cone. It is Mexico's largest island and is about 50 km (30 mi) long and 15 km (9 mi) wide.
This range is part of the Sierra Madre Mountains that divide Mexico, and which also include the Sierra Madre Occidental on the West coast and the Sierra Madre del Sur in southern Mexico.
In the area shown, ancient sedimentary rocks were folded as a result of a tectonic collision that some geologists consider related to the Appalachian folding of eastern North America.
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