(Sorrowful Friday) in German, is the English designation of Friday in Holy Week that is, the Friday on which the Church keeps the anniversary of the Crucifixion of Jesus Christ.
Parasceve, the Latin equivalent of , preparation (i.e.
It is curious to note in these very old Good Friday prayers that the second part is omitted in the prayers for the Jews, owing, it is said, to their having insulted Christ by bending the knee in mockery before Him.
These prayers were not peculiar to Good Friday in the early ages (they were said on Spy Wednesday as late as the eighth century); their retention here, it is thought, was inspired by the idea that the Church should pray for all classes of men on the day that Christ died for all.
While the Judica, introit, and the Gloria in Excelsis have been added to this first part of the Mass and the long series of prayers omitted from it, the oldest order of the Synaxis, or meeting without Mass, has been retained in the Good Friday service. The modern collect is the representative of this old solemn form of prayer.
The first part is reduced to the Oremus, the second part has disappeared, and the third part remains in its entirety and has come to be called the collect.
In the meantime, the acolytes spread a single cloth on the denuded altar. When the celebrant and ministers ascend the altar, a lector takes his place on the epistle side, and reads a lesson from Osee 6. Next comes a prayer sung by the celebrant, which is followed by another lesson from Exodus 12, chanted by the subdeacon.
When the Burial was completed the deacon and subdeacon came from the sacristy with the reserved host.