In Liberia’s capital of Monrovia, inadequate and deficient official water pipelines are further tapped by illegal water providers commonly referred to as Push-Push Boys, who sell the water at higher prices in the city as well as on its outskirts.
At least 75 percent of Monrovia’s daily water supply of 6 million gallons is thus lost to theft and leaky pipes. Water theft and smuggling, just like unregulated or poorly-regulated use of water, can threaten the water security of licensed users.
Water mafia networks divert water through illegal pipelines by drilling holes into official pipelines or setting up illegal hookups to water canals.
In the South African city of Durban, some 35 percent of water is stolen or provided through illegal or unpaid connections.