These questions replace our original, "Can machines think? Critique of the New Problem As well as asking, "What is the answer to this new form of the question," one may ask, "Is this new question a worthy one to investigate? We do not wish to penalise the machine for its inability to shine in beauty competitions, nor to penalise a man for losing in a race against an aeroplane.
We also wish to allow the possibility than an engineer or team of engineers may construct a machine which works, but whose manner of operation cannot be satisfactorily described by its constructors because they have applied a method which is largely experimental. " is to be sought in a statistical survey such as a Gallup poll. Instead of attempting such a definition I shall replace the question by another, which is closely related to it and is expressed in relatively unambiguous words.